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Question: Hadhrat Shah Waliullah (rahmatullahi alayh) writes, "Sometimes Khwaja Khurd used to celebrate Urs/Uroos of his Shaykh, Khawaja Baqi Billah (rahmatullahi alayh)" [Anfaas al-Aarifeen pg 65] Why do Sunni scholars affiliated with Deoband then prohibit the customary URS death anniversaries of Sufi saints??

ANSWER (by Hadhrat Qari Tayyib rahmatullahi alayh): The basis of [Urs/Uroos] was that when a Shaykh of Tariqah from the ahlullah used to pass away, his affiliates would gather. One of the benefits of this was that people who had a weak spiritual afiliation (Dha'eef ul-Nisbat) would get [spiritual] power (quwwah) from people of strong spiritual affiliation (Qawwi ul-Nisbah) and this would strengthen their spiritual connection.

Another advantage was that they (the Khulafa) were assigned different "Wilaayats" (areas) to go and help in (people's spiritual) reformation (Islaah) and spread Islam. The reality is that Islam was spread in India by the Sufis, and Urs was an annual opportunity for them to gather and make & assign groups (of people) which would then spread guidance and propagate Truth [tableegh i-haq].

This is the reason that there are graves of "Shah-e-Wilayat" in every district and village in Saharanpur, in Deoband and everyhwere. The reality was that when a group was sent for Tabligh, one person used to head it and this person was called the Shah-e-Wilayat. Wherever he used to die, he was buried as Shah-e-Wilayat. In short, there (in Urs, groups of) Wilaayats were divided, "You go and spread Islam" and this one "You go and help with spiritual reformation of Muslims".

With regards to Hadhrat Khwaja Ajmeri (rahmatullahi alayh) even Christians bore witness, Sir Thomas Arnold in his "Preaching of Islam" says: "99 lakh people converted to Islam on the hands of Hadhrat Khwaja Moinuddeen Chisti (rahmatullah alayh) alone, and the number of people his khulafa converted is another amount"

Hadhrat Sultan-ul-Awliya Nizamuddeen Dehlwi (rahmatullahi alayh) had 900 of his Khalifah's sent to Deccan, they converted thousands to Islam. If you visit there, you'll see that its a very narrow area amongst the mountains difficult to traverse, there was no mosque or shrine there, (yet) these people went there. So this was the ACTUAL essence of Urs/Uroos, now, it has become a carnival event where women attend, dance on music, people set up stalls and trade, and every (type of) corrupt practice happens.

If you point these things out, they say, "Look, these people disrespect awliya, they are condemning Urs!". This is not condemning Urs!!, this is condemning the reprehensive (things) which are not only against the Sunnah but are blameworthy innovations in the name of Urs/Uroos introduced by the ignorant people, I declare that if Urs/Uroos events are cleared of these abominable acts, and (instead) groups of Muballigheen are dispatched, scholars are called and Islamic speech are organised, recitation of the Qur'an is introduced etc...no one prohibits Urs/Uroos.

In fact, Hadhrat Mawlana Mufti Azeez ur-Rahman (rahmatullahi alayh), the senior-most Mufti of Dar'al Uloom Deoband (who) was a buzurg from the Naqshbandiyyah Order used to attend the Urs of Imaam Rabbani (rahmatullahi alayh) in Sirhind Shareef every year. Nobody from Deoband ever stopped him! Why? Because there were no such reprehensive practices there (in Sirhind Shareef)... Summarising, in reality Urs/Uroos is not condemned, but the unislamic acts (which have become) associated with it are.

The common people are steadfast on these customs and they say: "Look, these people are stopping Urs/Uroos, although it has been a custom of pious elders for centuries". Tell me: Did these pious elders teach music and dance? Their basis (of comemorating death anniversary) was that it was a means for Tabligh & spreading the message of Islam. This aspect vanished, and (just) music and dance remained."

[Malfuzat Hakeem-ul-Islam Hadhrat Qari Tayyib Qasmi, Vol. 7 pgs. 468-471]

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2
General Discussion / Tawheed Summarized.
« Last post by Abu Hafsat on December 08, 2017, 02:18:00 PM »
 As-Salaam alaykum,
  From whatever way one looks at it, Tawheed (worshipping Allah alone) in Islam is contained in 4 Noble Phrases as follows:--

 SUBHANALLAH, ALHAMDULILLAH,  LAA-ILAHA ILLALLAH,  ALLAHU AKBAR and the hawqalah (La hawla wa la quwata illa billah ). Taken together, these 4 Phrases encompass Tawheed and qadr.

 Ibn Abi Awfaa said a man came to the Prophet, Sallallahu alaihi Wasallam, and said: "I cannot learn the Qur'an, so teach me something that will suffice me. He said, [recite] SUBHANALLAH, WALHAMDULILLAH, WALA ILAHA ILLALLAH, WALLAHU AKBAR, WALA HAWLA WALA QUWATA ILLA BILLAH.."  [Abu Dawud 832, Nisa'ee 2/143].

 Abu Hurairah, may Allah be pleased with him, reported that the Messenger of Allah, Sallallahu alaihi Wasallam, said:- "Shall I inform you of a phrase which is under the throne and from among the treasures of Paradise?  Say, LA-HAWLA WALA QUWATA ILLA BILLAH, Allah will say, 'My servant has submitted himself in intention, action and worship."  [Hakim, Darabi, Fath al-Baari 11/501 ].

 A servant does not control any of his affairs; he does not have the means to repel harm or the ability to attain goodness except by Allah's Will. A servant cannot change disobedience to obedience, sickness to health, weakness to strength, deficiency to perfection except by Allah's Help.

What Allah wills happens and what He does not will won't happen. The affairs of creation are tied to His Decree and Pre-Destination, Tabaraka Wa Ta'ala.
3
General Discussion / Re: New Fatwa on Rules pertaining to the Haidhah and Travel
« Last post by ummi taalib on November 05, 2017, 02:43:00 PM »
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Walaikum Assalam,

I have been asked a couple of time about this.

I have given a very short response on the matter.

Follow the one you have academic reliance on. If you heart was content with one Mufti, then rely on him and follow him.

Since you cannot see whose arguments are more well grounded, me informing you that I have itminan with Mufti Emran Saheb's view will also only help if you have reliance on my view.

So ask your heart who have you academically relied in this field. Stick to him without thinking anything negative of the other.

Wassalamu Alaikum


Jazakalalahu khayran Mufti sahib..

4
General Discussion / Re: fatwa on cryptocurrencies
« Last post by abuhajira on November 04, 2017, 12:52:04 PM »
My current understanding is as follows (but please not that this is not final conclusion, and do not take it as a fatwa)

In short, I see there are two seperate transactions going on which make the system work.

One is the individual's translation which has to be verified via puzzle which has been randomly generated for the block chain. Merely because the puzzle is randomly generated does not make the transaction void. It could be random, or non-random. It is an external factor. Hence if A sends bitcoin to B, then in itself this transaction is not pending on a chance, rather a jahalat of *when* the randomly generated puzzle will be solved. This jahalat is not mufdi ilal manazi'a. Hence the transaction is sharia compliant.

On the flip side, the generation of bitcoin is dependent on the solving of the same puzzle which was randomly generated.

This will have 2 scenarios.

a. Either the miners have put money to get the bitcoin winnings, (Eg Genesis Mining), then this is gamble as the money they put in is bet for a possible winning in bitcoins.

b. The miner buys his server or uses his computer to mine (i.e solve the puzzle) for winning the bitcoin. In this case he has not placed any maal as bet to get the winning, so this is not gamble and will be shariah compliant.

Hence "b" will be permissible and "a" will not be permissible.
5
General Discussion / Re: fatwa on cryptocurrencies
« Last post by abuhajira on November 03, 2017, 10:36:41 PM »
Just for the record, I hold my judgement on the issue of investing in bitcoin. I am constantly making review of the issue, but there are technicalities which Mufti Faraz has not addressed, and I do not wish to formulate the opinion without having full understanding of it.

So my stance is to abstain until issue is more clear.
6
General Discussion / Re: New Fatwa on Rules pertaining to the Haidhah and Travel
« Last post by abuhajira on November 03, 2017, 10:34:32 PM »
Walaikum Assalam,

I have been asked a couple of time about this.

I have given a very short response on the matter.

Follow the one you have academic reliance on. If you heart was content with one Mufti, then rely on him and follow him.

Since you cannot see whose arguments are more well grounded, me informing you that I have itminan with Mufti Emran Saheb's view will also only help if you have reliance on my view.

So ask your heart who have you academically relied in this field. Stick to him without thinking anything negative of the other.

Wassalamu Alaikum

7
General Discussion / Re: New Fatwa on Rules pertaining to the Haidhah and Travel
« Last post by ummi taalib on October 27, 2017, 05:37:29 AM »
The article is too long and technical so cannot read all of it...all i've understood is that Mufti Desai sahib is giving evidence that the "new" fatwa given by Mufti Taqi sahib is incorrect.

Any help/comments/advice from Ulama @ ilmhub?
8
General Discussion / Re: New Fatwa on Rules pertaining to the Haidhah and Travel
« Last post by ummi taalib on October 25, 2017, 08:51:23 AM »
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quite quite confusing for us laywomen!

) :
9
General Discussion / Re: fatwa on cryptocurrencies
« Last post by aballi on October 17, 2017, 10:00:40 PM »
There is a Fatwa that is posted in the below link, but there is discussion on the topic which can be understood from Mufti Faraz's work...And Allah is all knowing

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10
General Discussion / Re: fatwa on cryptocurrencies
« Last post by samah on September 18, 2017, 07:54:21 PM »
وعليكم السلام ورحمة الله وبركاته

Here's a research paper on the topic by Muftī Faraz Adam al-Mahmudi.

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