General Islamic Discussions => Information Base Articles from Web => Topic started by: Islam Reigns on December 23, 2017, 02:14:11 AM

Title: Stance of Deoband on Observing Urs/Uroos of the Saints
Post by: Islam Reigns on December 23, 2017, 02:14:11 AM
Question: Hadhrat Shah Waliullah (rahmatullahi alayh) writes, "Sometimes Khwaja Khurd used to celebrate Urs/Uroos of his Shaykh, Khawaja Baqi Billah (rahmatullahi alayh)" [Anfaas al-Aarifeen pg 65] Why do Sunni scholars affiliated with Deoband then prohibit the customary URS death anniversaries of Sufi saints??

ANSWER (by Hadhrat Qari Tayyib rahmatullahi alayh): The basis of [Urs/Uroos] was that when a Shaykh of Tariqah from the ahlullah used to pass away, his affiliates would gather. One of the benefits of this was that people who had a weak spiritual afiliation (Dha'eef ul-Nisbat) would get [spiritual] power (quwwah) from people of strong spiritual affiliation (Qawwi ul-Nisbah) and this would strengthen their spiritual connection.

Another advantage was that they (the Khulafa) were assigned different "Wilaayats" (areas) to go and help in (people's spiritual) reformation (Islaah) and spread Islam. The reality is that Islam was spread in India by the Sufis, and Urs was an annual opportunity for them to gather and make & assign groups (of people) which would then spread guidance and propagate Truth [tableegh i-haq].

This is the reason that there are graves of "Shah-e-Wilayat" in every district and village in Saharanpur, in Deoband and everyhwere. The reality was that when a group was sent for Tabligh, one person used to head it and this person was called the Shah-e-Wilayat. Wherever he used to die, he was buried as Shah-e-Wilayat. In short, there (in Urs, groups of) Wilaayats were divided, "You go and spread Islam" and this one "You go and help with spiritual reformation of Muslims".

With regards to Hadhrat Khwaja Ajmeri (rahmatullahi alayh) even Christians bore witness, Sir Thomas Arnold in his "Preaching of Islam" says: "99 lakh people converted to Islam on the hands of Hadhrat Khwaja Moinuddeen Chisti (rahmatullah alayh) alone, and the number of people his khulafa converted is another amount"

Hadhrat Sultan-ul-Awliya Nizamuddeen Dehlwi (rahmatullahi alayh) had 900 of his Khalifah's sent to Deccan, they converted thousands to Islam. If you visit there, you'll see that its a very narrow area amongst the mountains difficult to traverse, there was no mosque or shrine there, (yet) these people went there. So this was the ACTUAL essence of Urs/Uroos, now, it has become a carnival event where women attend, dance on music, people set up stalls and trade, and every (type of) corrupt practice happens.

If you point these things out, they say, "Look, these people disrespect awliya, they are condemning Urs!". This is not condemning Urs!!, this is condemning the reprehensive (things) which are not only against the Sunnah but are blameworthy innovations in the name of Urs/Uroos introduced by the ignorant people, I declare that if Urs/Uroos events are cleared of these abominable acts, and (instead) groups of Muballigheen are dispatched, scholars are called and Islamic speech are organised, recitation of the Qur'an is introduced one prohibits Urs/Uroos.

In fact, Hadhrat Mawlana Mufti Azeez ur-Rahman (rahmatullahi alayh), the senior-most Mufti of Dar'al Uloom Deoband (who) was a buzurg from the Naqshbandiyyah Order used to attend the Urs of Imaam Rabbani (rahmatullahi alayh) in Sirhind Shareef every year. Nobody from Deoband ever stopped him! Why? Because there were no such reprehensive practices there (in Sirhind Shareef)... Summarising, in reality Urs/Uroos is not condemned, but the unislamic acts (which have become) associated with it are.

The common people are steadfast on these customs and they say: "Look, these people are stopping Urs/Uroos, although it has been a custom of pious elders for centuries". Tell me: Did these pious elders teach music and dance? Their basis (of comemorating death anniversary) was that it was a means for Tabligh & spreading the message of Islam. This aspect vanished, and (just) music and dance remained."

[Malfuzat Hakeem-ul-Islam Hadhrat Qari Tayyib Qasmi, Vol. 7 pgs. 468-471]